Fulton Lewis, Jr. (April 30, 1903 in Washington D.C. - August 20, 1966 in Washington DC) was a member and accompanist of the Virginia Glee Club, the composer of "The Cavalier Song," the official fight song of the University of Virginia, and a prominent conservative American radio broadcaster from the 1930s to the 1960s.
Early life and career[edit | edit source]
Lewis was born into influential circles in the nation's capital. He remained close to the circles of power all his life (President Herbert Hoover and his wife attended the wedding of Lewis and Alice Huston, who was the daughter of former Republican National Committee chairman Claudius Hart Huston) He was an indifferent student; he attended the University of Virginia for three years (where he was a member of the Virginia Glee Club during the Glee Club 1920-1921 and 1922-1923 seasons and composed the music for that school's official fight song, The Cavalier Song, as well as contributing to the University of Virginia Magazine.). He dropped out of UVa, but soon after enrolled in the George Washington University Law School. He also left that institution when he obtained a reporting job with the Washington Herald newspaper. He found his niche in news reporting, and within three years was the paper's City editor. During that time he met and courted his future wife.
Radio career[edit | edit source]
Lewis left the Herald to join Universal News Service, run by the Hearst family. Between 1933 and 1936 Lewis wrote a newspaper column called "The Washington Sideshow" which was syndicated by King Features. His radio career began when he volunteered to fill in for a vacationing news reporter. The head of Washington AM radio station WOL was impressed with Lewis' "on-the-spot" reporting and offered him a full-time position. Shortly his commentaries were picked up by the Mutual Broadcasting System.
Lewis' commentary program (presented as a "news" program, but which allowed him to choose his topic and to give his opinions in depth) ran from 7:00-7:15 p.m. Eastern time, five days a week. His audience liked Lewis' folksy broadcasting style. At his commercial peak, Lewis was heard on more than 500 radio stations and boasted a weekly audience of sixteen million listeners. His signature closing was "That's the top of the news as it looks from here." He also transitioned briefly to television in the early 1950s but the format of his program did not appeal in that medium, so he returned to radio for the remainder of his career.
Lewis was a conservative commentator who supported Barry Goldwater for President, supported limited government and federalism, and opposed liberal leaders such as John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson and their policies. He first made his mark by opposing the New Deal policies of Franklin Delano Roosevelt (although he initially admired the man upon his first election), and as the world lurched toward war in the late 1930s he strongly supported the America First Committee, along with famed aviator Charles Lindbergh in their efforts to keep the US out of what he considered "the European War". He strongly opposed FDR's re-election in 1944, and also the re-election campaign of FDR's successor Harry S Truman in 1948.
After the war Lewis was avidly anti-communist, and strongly backed Senator Joe McCarthy. He was one of the first broadcasters to expose Julius and Ethel Rosenberg as the communist spies that the Venona papers proved they were, although he was later accused of antisemitism as well. Even after McCarthy was disgraced nationwide, Lewis continued to strongly champion him, and this did much to reduce his nationwide radio audience and appeal. He continued on air, however, until his death in 1966, after which his son Fulton Lewis III kept the broadcast running for another twelve years. The younger Lewis now lives in Florida.
Legacy[edit | edit source]
Lewis was influential in persuading the U.S. Congress to allow radio broadcasting of Congressional activities.
Among those who worked for Lewis was Kenneth Tomlinson, former head of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB), an agency whose existence Lewis would have denounced. In this position, Tomlinson has worked to eliminate what he calls liberal bias at the Public Broadcasting Service and National Public Radio. One of CPB's ombudsmen, William Schulz, was a writer for Lewis and for Human Events. Schulz and Tomlinson were also colleagues at Reader's Digest.
Lewis wrote the words for "The Cavalier Song" for the University of Virginia while a student there. The song was featured in the 2000 movie Bring It On.
In 1954, a largely hagiographic biography of Lewis entitled Praised and Damned was published.
Lewis is buried in Rock Creek Cemetery in Washington, D.C.
A 2005 SALON.com article stated "A prominent radio broadcaster in the '40s, '50s and '60s, Lewis was known for his complete lack of objectivity."
References[edit | edit source]
- "Fulton Lewis, Jr.". Radio Days. http://www.otr.com/lewis.html. Retrieved 2010-09-01. Lists his death date as 21 August, but other references show the death date to be 20 August.
- Nimmo, Dan; Chevelle Newsome (1997). Political Commentators in the United States in the 20th Century. p. 95.
- Dabney, Virginius (1981). Mr. Jefferson's University: A History. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press. p. 114. ISBN 081390904X. http://repo.lib.virginia.edu:18080/fedora/get/uva-lib:178665/uva-lib-bdef:105/getPageTurner?behav=getImageBrowse&page=uva-lib:178821.
- "University Glee Club Scores Successfully in Neighboring Cities". College Topics: p. 1ff. 1923-05-11. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=fw0tAAAAIBAJ&sjid=yWkEAAAAIBAJ&dq=fulton%20lewis&pg=3328%2C1058790.
- The site where the summer home of the Lewis family stood in Washington, D.C. is now the site of the National Cathedral
- Corks and Curls. 1921. p. 61. http://books.google.com/books?id=xqZVAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA71&ots=u2NpAtAhNM&dq=%22john%20pier%20roemer%22%20milwaukee&pg=PA61#v=onepage&q=fulton&f=false.
- "Review of Magazine by a former editor". College Topics: p. 7. 1924-02-15. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=iA0tAAAAIBAJ&sjid=yWkEAAAAIBAJ&dq=fulton%20lewis&pg=1200%2C2632504.
- Boehlert, Eric (2005-05-26). ""Fair and Balanced" - the McCarthy Way". Salon.com. http://dir.salon.com/news/feature/2005/05/26/fulton_lewis_connection/index.html. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
[edit | edit source]
- Fulton J. Lewis, Jr. papers at Syracuse University Special Collections Research Center
- NewsMax.com article on Tomlinson's association with Fulton Lewis Jr.
- William F. Buckey, Jr., on Tomlinson, Schulz, and Lewis.
- Audio of Fulton Lewis Jr. radio broadcasts.
- Fulton Lewis interviewed by Mike Wallace on The Mike Wallace Interview February 1, 1958
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|