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Pi Kappa Alpha (ΠΚΑ) is a North American Greek letter college fraternity which was founded in 1868. The fraternity has over 220 chapters and colonies with 14,000 undergraduate members and 250,000 lifetime initiates.[1] Pi Kappa Alpha was originally a whites-only Southern organization, but became a national fraternity in 1909, and removed its racial restrictions in 1964.

History[]

Pi Kappa Alpha was founded at the University of Virginia on March 1, 1868, by Robertson Howard, Julian Edward Wood, James Benjamin Sclater Jr., Frederick Southgate Taylor, Littleton Waller Tazewell Bradford and William Alexander.[2] On March 1, 1869, exactly one year after the Alpha Chapter at the University of Virginia was formed, the Beta Chapter of Pi Kappa Alpha was founded at Davidson College.[3] After almost a decade of decline, Pi Kappa Alpha was "re-founded" as part of the Hampden-Sydney Convention, held in a dorm room at Hampden–Sydney College. The four delegates to the Hampden-Sydney Convention are referred to as the Junior Founders. Pi Kappa Alpha was not originally organized as a sectional fraternity, however by constitutional provision it became so in 1889.[4] It remained a southern fraternity until the New Orleans Convention in 1909 when Pi Kappa Alpha officially declared itself a national organization.[5]

Originally, Pi Kappa Alpha's membership was restricted to white men, but this restriction was removed in 1964.[6] Pi Kappa Alpha's move to start a chapter at the historically black Howard University in 2006 was opposed by many students and alumni due to this discriminatory history as well as racist incidents in 1999 at Auburn University and 2004 at Georgia State University.[7]

Members[]

See Category:Pi Kappa Alpha members

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. "Fast Facts". http://www.pikes.org/FastFacts.aspx?mode=spage&spid=48&pid=3. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  2. Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. "Founding History". http://www.pikes.org/historyA.aspx. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  3. Beta Chapter, Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. "A History of Beta". http://www.davidson.edu/student/organizations/pika/. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  4. Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities, 1920 Edition, page 306
  5. Garnet & Gold Pledge Guide (15th ed.). Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. 1970. 
  6. Hughey, Matthew W (Win-Spr 2006). "Black, White, Greek...Like Who?: Howard University Student Perceptions of a White Fraternity on Campus". Educational Foundations 20 (1-2): 9–35. http://www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/EJ751759.pdf. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  7. Craig LaRon Torbenson, Gregory S. Parks (2009). Brothers and Sisters: Diversity in College Fraternities and Sororities. Associated University Presse. pp. 261. http://books.google.com/books?id=lJ0hFQlKx4oC&pg=PA261. 

External links[]

{{Wikipedia:Pi Kappa Alpha}}

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