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== History ==
 
== History ==
The motet is a setting of [[Psalm 42]]:2,3. The Psalm was a prescribed [[Tract (liturgy)|tract]] for the blessing of the water (font) on [[Holy Saturday]],<ref name="Collegium" /> recalling the water of baptism as well as the "living water of the eucharist".<ref name="Dickey" /> The text, speaking of the longing for God, retained its association with [[Requiem#History_of_musical_compositions|funeral music]],<ref name="Dickey" /> having been widely used as the Tract before the Tridentine [[Roman Missal]] of 1570 standardized the tract ''Absolve, Domine''.<ref>''Absolve'' appears in one of the first printed missals, {{cite web |url=https://archive.org/stream/missaleromanumm01churgoog#page/n515/mode/2up|title=Missale romanum Mediolani|year=1474}} p. 485. ''Sicut'' survived in the [[Sarum Rite]] {{cite web|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=HvgUAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=missale&lr=&as_brr=1#v=onepage&q=requiem&f=false|title=Missale ad usum ... ecclesiæ Sarum}}, p 864* and had been used on the continent, memorably in [[Requiem (Ockeghem)]].</ref>
+
The motet is a setting of [[Psalm 42]]:2,3. The Psalm was a prescribed [[Tract (liturgy)|tract]] for the blessing of the water (font) on [[Holy Saturday]],<ref name="Collegium">{{Cite AV media notes
  +
| url = https://www.hyperion-records.co.uk/dw.asp?dc=W705_GBAJY9149007
  +
| title = Sicut cervus desiderat
  +
| publisher = [[Collegium Records]] (at [[Hyperion Records]] website)
  +
| year = 2009
  +
| accessdate = 6 March 2019
  +
}}</ref> recalling the water of baptism as well as the "living water of the eucharist".<ref name="Dickey">{{Cite web
  +
| last = Dickey
  +
| first = Timothy
  +
| url = https://www.allmusic.com/composition/sicut-cervus-motet-for-4-voices-from-motets-book-ii-for-4-voices-mc0002370743
  +
| title = Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina: "Sicut cervus"
  +
| publisher = [[AllMusic]]
  +
| accessdate = 13 March 2019
  +
}}</ref> The text, speaking of the longing for God, retained its association with [[Requiem#History_of_musical_compositions|funeral music]],<ref name="Dickey" /> having been widely used as the Tract before the Tridentine [[Roman Missal]] of 1570 standardized the tract ''Absolve, Domine''.<ref>''Absolve'' appears in one of the first printed missals, {{cite web |url=https://archive.org/stream/missaleromanumm01churgoog#page/n515/mode/2up|title=Missale romanum Mediolani|year=1474}} p. 485. ''Sicut'' survived in the [[Sarum Rite]] {{cite web|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=HvgUAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=missale&lr=&as_brr=1#v=onepage&q=requiem&f=false|title=Missale ad usum ... ecclesiæ Sarum}}, p 864* and had been used on the continent, memorably in [[Requiem (Ockeghem)]].</ref>
   
 
Palestrina's setting was posthumously published in Venice in 1604 in the collection ''Motectorum quatuor vocibus, ... liber secundus'', a sequel to the 1564 ''Motecta festorum''.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.printed-sacred-music.org/manuscripts/00000000002502|title=Motectorum quatuor vocibus, partim plena voce et partim paribus vocibus, liber secundus|publisher=Printed Sacred Music|year=2009}}</ref> It is now one of Palestrina's most anthologized works and regarded as a model of [[Renaissance music|Renaissance]] [[polyphony]].<ref name="Collegium" />
 
Palestrina's setting was posthumously published in Venice in 1604 in the collection ''Motectorum quatuor vocibus, ... liber secundus'', a sequel to the 1564 ''Motecta festorum''.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.printed-sacred-music.org/manuscripts/00000000002502|title=Motectorum quatuor vocibus, partim plena voce et partim paribus vocibus, liber secundus|publisher=Printed Sacred Music|year=2009}}</ref> It is now one of Palestrina's most anthologized works and regarded as a model of [[Renaissance music|Renaissance]] [[polyphony]].<ref name="Collegium" />
   
 
== Music ==
 
== Music ==
The motet is written for four voices, [[soprano]], [[alto]], [[tenor]], and [[Bass (voice type)|bass]]. It is set in [[Imitation (music)|imitative]] polyphony throughout, with attention to the meaning of the text in subtle [[word-painting]]. For the word "desiderat", expressing longing, the pace is faster, and the melody rises, reaching its peak on the word "fontes" (streams, water, fountains). In the second part, "ita desiderat anima mea ad te, Deus (Thus longs my soul for Thee, God), the human desire expressed in the first person is rendered in denser imitation and with more intense [[Dissonance and consonance|dissonance]].<ref name="Olesen" /> The motet has been described as the expression of "serene but fervent spiritual yearning".<ref name="Collegium" />
+
The motet is written for four voices, [[soprano]], [[alto]], [[tenor]], and [[Bass (voice type)|bass]]. It is set in [[Imitation (music)|imitative]] polyphony throughout, with attention to the meaning of the text in subtle [[word-painting]]. For the word "desiderat", expressing longing, the pace is faster, and the melody rises, reaching its peak on the word "fontes" (streams, water, fountains). In the second part, "ita desiderat anima mea ad te, Deus (Thus longs my soul for Thee, God), the human desire expressed in the first person is rendered in denser imitation and with more intense [[Dissonance and consonance|dissonance]].<ref name="Olesen">{{Cite web
  +
| last = Olesen
  +
| first = James
  +
| url = http://www.emmanuelmusic.org/notes_translations/notes_motets/n_palestrina_sicut_cervus.htm
  +
| title = Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina: "Sicut cervus"
  +
| publisher = [[Emmanuel Music]]
  +
| accessdate = 5 March 2019
  +
}}</ref> The motet has been described as the expression of "serene but fervent spiritual yearning".<ref name="Collegium" />
   
   
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==Recordings==
 
==Recordings==
 
* [[Notes from the Path]]
 
* [[Notes from the Path]]
 
   
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
{{reflist
+
{{reflist}}
| refs =
 
 
<ref name="Dickey">{{Cite web
 
| last = Dickey
 
| first = Timothy
 
| url = https://www.allmusic.com/composition/sicut-cervus-motet-for-4-voices-from-motets-book-ii-for-4-voices-mc0002370743
 
| title = Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina: "Sicut cervus"
 
| publisher = [[AllMusic]]
 
| accessdate = 13 March 2019
 
}}</ref>
 
 
<ref name="Olesen">{{Cite web
 
| last = Olesen
 
| first = James
 
| url = http://www.emmanuelmusic.org/notes_translations/notes_motets/n_palestrina_sicut_cervus.htm
 
| title = Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina: "Sicut cervus"
 
| publisher = [[Emmanuel Music]]
 
| accessdate = 5 March 2019
 
}}</ref>
 
 
<ref name="Collegium">{{Cite AV media notes
 
| url = https://www.hyperion-records.co.uk/dw.asp?dc=W705_GBAJY9149007
 
| title = Sicut cervus desiderat
 
| publisher = [[Collegium Records]] (at [[Hyperion Records]] website)
 
| year = 2009
 
| accessdate = 6 March 2019
 
}}</ref>
 
 
}}
 
   
 
{{Wikipedia|Sicut Cervus (Palestrina)}}
 
{{Wikipedia|Sicut Cervus (Palestrina)}}

Revision as of 20:03, October 15, 2019

Sicut Cervus is a motet for four voices by Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina. Performed in mixed voice or men's voice arrangements, the work was first performed by the Virginia Glee Club in 1978. It sets the beginning of Psalm XLI (42) in the Latin version of the Psalterium Romanum rather than the Vulgate Bible. The incipit is "Sicut cervus desiderat ad fontes" (As the deer desires the fountains) followed by a second part (secunda pars) "Sitivit anima mea" (My soul thirsts). It was published in 1604 in Motecta festorum, Liber 2, and has become one of Palestrina's most popular motets, regarded as a model of Renaissance polyphony, expressing spiritual yearning.

History

The motet is a setting of Psalm 42:2,3. The Psalm was a prescribed tract for the blessing of the water (font) on Holy Saturday,[1] recalling the water of baptism as well as the "living water of the eucharist".[2] The text, speaking of the longing for God, retained its association with funeral music,[2] having been widely used as the Tract before the Tridentine Roman Missal of 1570 standardized the tract Absolve, Domine.[3]

Palestrina's setting was posthumously published in Venice in 1604 in the collection Motectorum quatuor vocibus, ... liber secundus, a sequel to the 1564 Motecta festorum.[4] It is now one of Palestrina's most anthologized works and regarded as a model of Renaissance polyphony.[1]

Music

The motet is written for four voices, soprano, alto, tenor, and bass. It is set in imitative polyphony throughout, with attention to the meaning of the text in subtle word-painting. For the word "desiderat", expressing longing, the pace is faster, and the melody rises, reaching its peak on the word "fontes" (streams, water, fountains). In the second part, "ita desiderat anima mea ad te, Deus (Thus longs my soul for Thee, God), the human desire expressed in the first person is rendered in denser imitation and with more intense dissonance.[5] The motet has been described as the expression of "serene but fervent spiritual yearning".[1]


Performances

Recordings

References

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